Google submitted KML (formerly Keyhole Markup Language) to the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) to be evolved within the OGC consensus process with the following goal: KML Version 2.2 has been adopted as an OGC implementation standard. Future versions may be harmonized with relevant OGC standards that comprise the OGC standards baseline. There are four objectives for this standards work:
- That there be one international standard language for expressing geographic annotation and visualization on existing or future web-based online and mobile maps (2d) and earth browsers (3d)....
The SOS standard is applicable to use cases in which sensor data needs to be managed in an
interoperable way. This standard defines a Web service interface which allows querying
observations, sensor metadata, as well as representations of observed features. Further, this
standard defines means to register new sensors and to remove existing ones. Also, it defines
operations to insert new sensor observations. This standard defines this functionality in a binding
independent way; two bindings are specified in this document: a KVP binding and a SOAP
This standard specifies an XML implementation for the OGC and ISO Observations and Measurements (O&M) conceptual model (OGC Observations and Measurements v2.0 also published as ISO/DIS 19156), including a schema for Sampling Features. This encoding is an essential dependency for the OGC Sensor Observation Service (SOS) Interface Standard.
More specifically, this standard defines XML schemas for observations, and for features involved in sampling when making observations. These provide document models for the exchange of information describing observation acts and their results, both within an...
The OpenGIS® Web Processing Service (WPS) Interface Standard provides rules for standardizing how inputs and outputs (requests and responses) for geospatial processing services, such as polygon overlay. The standard also defines how a client can request the execution of a process, and how the output from the process is handled. It defines an interface that facilitates the publishing of geospatial processes and clients’ discovery of and binding to those processes. The data required by the WPS can be delivered across a network or they can be available at the server.
The OpenGIS® Sensor Planning Service Interface Standard (SPS) defines interfaces for queries that provide information about the capabilities of a sensor and how to task the sensor. The standard is designed to support queries that have the following purposes: to determine the feasibility of a sensor planning request; to submit and reserve/commit such a request; to inquire about the status of such a request; to update or cancel such a request; and to request information about other OGC Web services that provide access to the data collected by the requested task. This is one of the OGC Sensor Web...
The OpenGIS® Sensor Model Language Encoding Standard (SensorML) specifies models and XML encoding that provide a framework within which the geometric, dynamic, and observational characteristics of sensors and sensor systems can be defined. There are many different sensor types, from simple visual thermometers to complex electron microscopes and earth observing satellites. These can all be supported through the definition of atomic process models and process chains. Within SensorML, all processes and components are encoded as application schema of the Feature model in the Geographic Markup Lang...
*THIS STANDARD HAS BEEN RETIRED*
The OpenGIS® Transducer Markup Language Encoding Standard (TML) is an application and presentation layer communication protocol for exchanging live streaming or archived data to (i.e. control data) and/or sensor data from any sensor system. A sensor system can be one or more sensors, receivers, actuators, transmitters, and processes. A TML client can be capable of handling any TML enabled sensor system without prior knowledge of that system.
The protocol contains descriptions of both the sensor data and the sensor system itself. It is scalable, consiste...
In March, 2007 the Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. (OGC®) membership approved the Geospatial Digital Rights Management Reference Model (GeoDRM RM), an abstract specification for the management of digital rights in the area of geospatial data and services. The GeoDRM RM is Topic 18 of the OpenGIS® Abstract Specification.
The goal of the GeoDRM effort in the OGC is to make sure that a larger market has access to geospatial resources through a well understood and common mechanism that enables more than today's "all or nothing" protection. A major motivation for this effort is the need to manage the "ownership obstacle to data sharing" in spatial data infrastructure scenarios.