OGC Implementation Specifications

Geography Markup Language

The OpenGIS® Geography Markup Language Encoding Standard (GML) The Geography Markup Language (GML) is an XML grammar for expressing geographical features. GML serves as a modeling language for geographic systems as well as an open interchange format for geographic transactions on the Internet. As with most XML based grammars, there are two parts to the grammar – the schema that describes the document and the instance document that contains the actual data. A GML document is described using a GML Schema. This allows users and developers to describe generic geographic data sets that contain poi...

KML

Google submitted KML (formerly Keyhole Markup Language) to the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) to be evolved within the OGC consensus process with the following goal: KML Version 2.2 has been adopted as an OGC implementation standard. Future versions may be harmonized with relevant OGC standards that comprise the OGC standards baseline. There are four objectives for this standards work:

  • That there be one international standard language for expressing geographic annotation and visualization on existing or future web-based online and mobile maps (2d) and earth browsers (3d)....

OpenGIS Transducer Markup Language (TML) Encoding Specification

*THIS STANDARD HAS BEEN RETIRED* The OpenGIS® Transducer Markup Language Encoding Standard (TML) is an application and presentation layer communication protocol for exchanging live streaming or archived data to (i.e. control data) and/or sensor data from any sensor system. A sensor system can be one or more sensors, receivers, actuators, transmitters, and processes. A TML client can be capable of handling any TML enabled sensor system without prior knowledge of that system.

OGC® WaterML

WaterML 2.0 is a standard information model for the representation of water observations data, with the intent of allowing the exchange of such data sets across information systems. Through the use of existing OGC standards, it aims at being an interoperable exchange format that may be re-used to address a range of exchange requirements, some of which are described later in this document.

Coordinate Transformation Service

The OpenGIS® Coordinate Transformation Service Standard (CT) provides a standard way for software to specify and access coordinate transformation services for use on specified spatial data. This standard addresses a key requirement for overlaying views of geodata (“maps”) from diverse sources: the ability to perform coordinate transformation in such a way that all spatial data are defined relative to the same spatial reference system.

Observations and Measurements

This standard specifies an XML implementation for the OGC and ISO Observations and Measurements (O&M) conceptual model (OGC Observations and Measurements v2.0 also published as ISO/DIS 19156), including a schema for Sampling Features. This encoding is an essential dependency for the OGC Sensor Observation Service (SOS) Interface Standard. More specifically, this standard defines XML schemas for observations, and for features involved in sampling when making observations. These provide document models for the exchange of information describing observation acts and their results, both within an...

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