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Markets & Technologies
The OGC's 3-D Information Management Working Group is becoming an important focus for the convergence of 3-D visualization, CAD-GIS integration, Building Information Models (BIM), Industry Foundation Classes (IFC), Information Delivery Manuals (IFD), Model View Definitions (MVD), Web services, security, and digital rights management. This effort serves all the stakeholder groups involved with capital facility projects throughout their life cycle.
Internationally, public and private sector organizations are pushing for information processing standards that support productivity across the supply chains of the physical infrastructure, capital project and building management industries. The OGC, in collaboration with other organizations, helps Architecture/Engineering/Construction stakeholders develop, approve and deploy the needed interoperability standards.
A Building Information Model (BIM) is a shared knowledge resource that provides a reliable basis for decisions during a facility\'s entire life cycle. Geospatial information is a key component. The OGC brings together key players, a proven market-driven consensus standards process, and essential relationships with other standards organizations.
Almost every Defense and Intelligence (D&I) information technology application - planning, intelligence, logistics, etc. - requires the use of geospatial information. Almost every asset and every threat, human and material, has a location or an area. OGC standards enable geospatial information and geospatial processing instructions to be easily and seamlessly accessed and moved freely between different information systems.Disaster Management
The ability to rapidly share, integrate and apply geospatial information is critical to disaster management and risk management in all relevant industry domains: emergency services, Homeland Security, civil protection, telecommunications, energy, transportation, banking and finance, water supply, and healthcare. The OGC plays a key role in enabling interoperability among diverse organizations operating across jurisdictions and information domains.
The 2005 National Science and Technology Committee report Grand Challenges for Disaster Reduction puts this challenge first: “Provide hazard and disaster information where and when it is needed.” Much of this information, critical for situational awareness and a common operational picture is presented through digital maps or location services that depend on Web-based access to a multiple servers that provide data and processing resources (services).Environment & Natural Resources
Nations, communities, regions and corporations face growing concerns related to sustainable management of carbon dioxide, water, waste, energy, pollution, forests, croplands, oceans and climate. OGC standards break down the barriers to rapid discovery of and access to online geospatial data and processing resources that are essential for natural resources research and management activities. (See also the Ocean Science domain page on OGC Network.)
As standards based geoprocessing solutions are deployed throughout the world, the obstacles preventing greater use of geospatial data and services are increasingly policy related, not technical. Geospatial Rights Management (GeoRM) standards now under development in the OGC are a necessary prerequisite to overcoming many of these policy obstacles.Homeland Security
The Department of Homeland Security Geospatial Enterprise Architecture (GEA) comprehensively applies OGC standards so that multiple applications and Web services used by agencies at all levels of government can share, integrate and apply geospatial information during times of crisis.
"Mass-Market Geospatial" refers to consumer Web services and mainstream IT services that integrate geospatial information in an easy and "lightweight" fashion. GeoRSS, certain Internet and wireless communications standards, and Google's KML are being made to work with the OpenGIS Web Map Service, Web Feature Service, Geography Markup Language (GML), Open Location Services and other OGC specifications to provide seamless standards solutions for very simple to very complex applications.Sensor Web Enablement (SWE)
The OGC's Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) specifications enable developers to make all types of sensors, transducers and sensor data repositories discoverable, accessible and useable via the Web.Universities & Research
In the OGC, researchers help government and industry members address difficult standards development problems to meet market and societal needs related to climate change, deteriorating infrastructure, sustainable development, security threats and accelerating urbanization. Universities are also motivated by the need to help academic geography and related disciplines track and benefit from the rapid progress in geospatial interoperability. Increasingly, universities are venturing into the field of "interoperability science," breaking new ground where geospatial issues converge with domains such as semantics, high performance computing, and new user interfaces, and where geospatial technology converges with other converging technologies. Universities also participate in OGC because they recognize that knowledge of geospatial standards helps equip students for the job market.