Glossary of Terms - R

Source: PreANVIL Glossary
The representation of spatial data as a matrix of valued cells. Originally, a raster was a scan line in an electronic display such as a television or computer monitor. In geoprocessing, raster refers to a digital representation of the extent of geographic data sets using "grid cells" in a matrix. A raster display builds an image from pixels, small square picture elements of coarse or fine resolution. A raster database maintains a "picture" of reality in which each cell records some sort of information averaged over the cell`s area. The size of the grid cell may range from centimeters to kilometers. Many satellites transmit raster images of the earth`s surface. Reflectance of sunlight at a certain wavelength is measured for each cell in an image.
Refers generally to systems that respond (almost) immediately or synchronously to external events.
Recommendation Paper
An OGC document containing discussion of some technology or specification area, prepared by a Working Group for release to the public. Recommendation Papers are the official position of the OGC and thus represent an endorsement of the content of the paper.
reference data
European term for a collaborative effort to create a widely available source of basic geographic data, providing national or European coverage of a set of common digital geographic data such as Elevation, Transportation, Hydrography, Cadastral, Geodetic Control, Governmental Units, etc. (Similar to "framework data" in the U.S.)
Reference Implementation
An operational, conformant implementation of an implementation specification, together with available source code, that is made available for public use for testing and development purposes. (a Reference Implementation refers to one or more OpenGIS Implementation Specifications.)
reference model
Provides the complete scientific and engineering contextual framework for a technology area. Includes the underlying elements, rules and behaviors.
register of geodetic points
"A catalogue of geodetic control points, e.g. trigonometric points and leveling benchmarks."
register of land
"A general term used for the designation of registers for ownership of land, e.g. cadastre and registers of territorial rights."
Registry Model
The general model for online registries. Sensor Model - The general model for sensor phenomena; the general sensor model for describing well-known sensors.
registry object
Every registered resource is a registry object. Dataset metadata and service metadata are examples of registry objects. All metadata and data types are regarded as registry objects.
registry services
OWS Services that provide a common mechanism to classify, register, describe, search, maintain and access information about resources available on a network. Resources are network addressable instances of typed data or services.
Relational Data Base
Stores data in such a way that it can be added to, and used independently of, all other data stored in the database. Users can query a relational database without knowing how the information has been organized. Although relational databases have the advantages of ease-of-use and analytical flexibility, their weakness can be slower retrieval speed. SQL (structured query language) is an interface to a relational database.
Remote Procedure Call (RPC)
An API for remote (across the network) execution of detailed functions.
remote sensing
Acquisition of raster images of the Earth, often involving spectral frequencies other than the visible band, by devices typically carried on airborne or satellite platforms. Sometimes refers also to image analysis of these images.
reporting group
Source: ISO 19113; ISO 19109
Data with common characteristics forming a subset of a dataset. Note 1: Common characteristics can include belonging to an identified feature type, feature attribute or feature relationship; sharing of data collection criteria; sharing original source; or being within a specified geographic or temporal extent. Note 2: A reporting group can be as small as a feature instance, an attribute value, or a single feature relationship.
Invocation of an operation by a client
Request for Comment (RFC)
In the context of OpenGIS Specification Development, an explicit request to the industry for comments concerning a particular technology that an OGC Technical Committee Working Group or Interoperability Initiative is considering for development or adoption as an OpenGIS Specification.
Request for Information (RFI)
In the context of OpenGIS Specification Development, a general request to the industry to submit information to one of the OGC Technical Committee Working Groups.
Request for Proposals (RFP)
In the context of OpenGIS Interoperability Program, an explicit request to the industry to submit proposals for work to be performed as part of an Interoperability Initiative.
Result of an operation returned from a server to a client
reverse geocoder service
A network-accessible service that transforms a given position into a normalized description of a feature location (Address with Point), where the address may be defined as a street address, intersection address, place name or postal code
Reference Model for Open Distributed Processing (ISO/IEC 10746). In RM-ODP, Architecture is defined as a set of components, connections, and topologies defined through a series of views: enterprise, information, computation, engineering and technology.
route service
A network-accessible service that determines travel routes and navigation information between two or more points.
Source: PreANVIL Glossary
Research and Technology Development: a term used in the European IST program.

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