Glossary of Terms - P

Portable Document Format. An Adobe file format readable with free software (Acrobat Reader)
Use of aerial photographs to produce planimetric and topographic maps of the earth`s surface and of features of the built environment. Effective photogrammetry makes use of ground control by which aerial photographs are carefully compared and registered to the locations and characteristics of features identified in ground-level surveys.
pilot project
In the context of the OGC Interoperability Program, a project to introduce new technology products into an operational environment to discover the effectiveness of these products and the new approaches they enable, and to provide feedback into the Specification Program.
Planning Committee
The OGC Planning Committee identifies market opportunities for interoperability and uses this information to document and maintain a "Technology Roadmap" that sets forth the plan, schedule and rationale for OGC activities.
planning study
In OGC: Strategic study that assesses opportunities to expand and sustain an organization's interoperability capacity.
Another term for computer hardware, including microcomputers, workstations, and mainframe computers, or for underlying software, like an operating system, that provides services to layered software.
platform independent
Depends on context, but in general, when discussing software, platform independence means the software can be run on any computer or operating system or distributed computing platform.
Portable Network Graphic. A format for Web graphics
point of interest
A location (with a fixed position) where one can find a place, product or service, typically identified by name rather than by address and characterized by type, which may be used as a reference point or a target in a location based service request, e.g., as the destination of a route.
point to grid interpolation
Source: GETIS glossary
The conversion from a geospatial data set that represents a surface with points and their attributes (e.g. terrain heights) to a grid (raster) data structure that represents the same surface. The estimation of attribute values of the surface at an unsampled point in the grid is based on the known attribute values of surrounding points in the point dataset.
Source: AGI glossary.
A feature used to represent areas. A polygon is defined by the lines that make up its boundary and a point inside its boundary for identification. Polygons have attributes that describe the geographic feature they represent.
polygon overlay
Source: AGI glossary.
"The process of superimposing two or more polygons, through registration to a common co-ordinate system. Such an overlay procedure determines the spatial coincidence of two sets of polygon features and creates a new set of polygons based upon overlay operating."
A Web site that provides a view into a universe of content and activity through a variety of links to other sites, communication and collaboration tools, and special features geared toward the community served by the portal.
The presentation of information to humans, e.g., a map. In the context of the Web, portrayal refers to how data is presented for the user. Map portrayal, for example, is concerned with shape and color of symbols representing features, rules for displaying text labels, rules for showing/not showing symbols based on zoom extent, etc.
Portrayal Service
Defines a standard interface for producing visual pictures from coverage data. CPS extends the WMS interface and uses the Styled Layer Descriptor (SLD) language to support rendering of WCS coverages. provide visualization of geospatial information. Portrayal Services are components that, given one or more inputs, produce rendered outputs (e.g., cartographically portrayed maps, perspective views of terrain, annotated images, views of dynamically changing features in space and time, etc.). Examples include: Map Portrayal Services (MPS), Coverage Portrayal Services (CPS) and Mobile Presentation Services.
Refers to the level of measurement and exactness of description in a GIS database. Precise locational data may measure position to a fraction of a unit. Precise attribute information may specify the characteristics of features in great detail. It is important to realize, however, that precise data - no matter how carefully measured - may be inaccurate. Surveyors may make mistakes or data may be entered into the database incorrectly. Therefore, a distinction is made between precision and accuracy.
presentation (map portrayal) service
A network-accessible service that portrays a map made up of a base map derived from any geospatial data and a set of ADT's as overlays.
process domain model
Data model that characterizes well-known, domain-specific business processes. These models capture business rules, policies, tasks, and procedures in the form of processing chains. Microsoft, IBM and others are collaborating on a standard methodology for online workflow and service chaining. When this standard stabilizes and emerges, organizations will start testing this technology and adapt it in a wide range of workflows. When that happens, many Process Domain Models will result.
processing services
OWS Services that operate on geospatial data and provide 'value-add' services for applications. They can transform, combine, or create data. Processing Services can be tightly or loosely coupled with other services, such as Data and Portrayal Services. Processing Services can be sequenced into a 'chain' of services to perform specialized processing in support of information production workflows and decision support. Examples include: Coordinate Transformation Services (CTS), Geocoder Services, Route Determination Services etc.
A collection of standards, with parameters, options, classes, or subsets, necessary for building a complete computer system, application, or function. An implementation case of a more general standard or set of standards.
A facet or attribute or an object referenced by a name.
A set of semantic and syntactic rules that determine the behavior of entities that interact.
In the context of the OGC Interoperability Program, prototyping refers to developing a new candidate standard interface, protocol, schema etc. for the purpose of learning about it and guiding future OpenGIS Specification development.
In the context of OGC Web Services, just as non-spatial Web pages "publish" their contents - make them discoverable - through HTML, metadata, geodata and geoprocessing services servers publish their contents and capabilities through XML metadata contained in feature type registries, feature instance catalogs, and service registries.
publish, find, bind
In the context of Web Services, publish means to advertise data and services to a broker (such as registry, catalog or clearinghouse). A service provider contacts the service broker to publish (or unpublish) a service. A service provider typically publishes to the broker metadata describing its capabilities and network address. Find is used by service requestors to locate specific service types or instances. Service requestors describe the kinds of services they're looking for to the broker and the broker responds by delivering results that match the request. Service requestors typically use metadata published to the broker to find service providers of interest. Bind results after a service requestor and a service provider successfully negotiate so the requestor can access and invoke services of the provider. A service requestor typically uses service metadata provided by the broker to bind to a service provider. The service requestor can either use a proxy generator to generate the code that can bind to the service, or can use the service description to manually implement the binding before accessing that service.

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