Glossary of Terms - B

backward (and forward) compatibility
A new version of a standard is backward compatible if all implementation of the new standard include the conformance requirements of the previous versions of the standard.
base document
The working draft of the OpenGIS Specification, maintained by the Chairman of the OGC Technical Committee, which is the repository for working papers that have been submitted by Committee members.
base maps, data, or layers
Spatial data sets that provide the background upon which more specific thematic data is overlaid and analyzed. As inputs into a GIS, the term base map is usually applied to those sources of information about relatively permanent features including topography, soil data, geology, cadastral divisions, and political divisions. Within a GIS database, such information may become part of a land base to which other information is indexed and referenced.
base standard
An approved International Standard, Technical Report, CCITT Recommendation or National Standard.
In the context of OGC Web Services, Bind refers to Web service components connecting and executing through interfaces
Bitmap. A Microsoft Windows image format.
bounding box
a set of 2, 4, 6 or 8 numbers indicating the upper and lower bounds of an interval (1D), rectangle (2D), parallelpiped (3D), or hypercube along each axis of a given CRS
A kind of intermediary service whose responsibility is only to bring other services together (typically a service requester and a service provider) and has no responsibility for satisfactory completion of the `contract` established between the requester and provider.
business object
An identifiable business concept such as customer or order.
business process
See process domain model.

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